From 1994 to 2011, a ceasefire between the Myanmar Armed Forces and groups of ethnic Kachin held an uneasy peace in northern Myanmar. In June 2011, the Myanmar Army attacked Kachin Independence Army troops near the construction of a hydroelectric power plant. Conflict spread throughout Kachin state and over 100,000 people were displaced, with many crossing the border into neighboring Yunnan Province, China. In August 2012, China began expelling the refugees back into Myanmar. These images document Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps outside of the Kachin-controlled town of Laiza as well as refugees arriving at the village of Lana Zup Ja, near Mai Ja Yang.

External sources: BBC, Human Rights Watch

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